Category Description & Vulnerability Overview
In the Northwest Hills region, infrastructure consists of: dams, road networks, electrical and communications networks, dams, bridges, railroad, water supply systems, sanitary and storm sewer networks, recreational trails, etc. The owners/operators of each particular piece of infrastructure are responsible for the maintenance of the structure. This may be the municipality, state, or private land owner. The maintenance may be the responsibility of the owner or operator but the loss of use may negatively impact a much larger segment of the population. This can make maintenance of the structure with respect to climate change when there is limited technical capacity or funding access. For example, private landowners may maintain dams on their property but do not have the awareness or capacity to analyze and modify the dam to meet climate change impacts from solar radiation, sedimentation, or debris from storm events.
Designs for future infrastructure should incorporate climate change impacts to the highest standards. Municipalities should take care to review the standards with the appropriate experts to protect their long-term investments.
- Vulnerable populations have limited access to transportation.
- Limited transportation available to transport vulnerable residents to shelters.
- Tree-trimming has altered roadsides to accommodate overhead infrastructure.
- Confusion around possibilities for residential solar.
- High heat may limit speed on passenger rails.
- Increased water needs for irrigation and individual consumption.
- Existing culvert sizes may be inappropriate for flood events and habitat requirements.
- Bridge heights, especially on private driveways and local roads, may not be sufficient height.
- Many railroad lines, wastewater treatment, and water supply/treatment are located in potential flood areas.
- Leaching from active and inactive landfills could increase with significant storm events.
- Flooding is a significant vulnerability in many of the Northwest Hills municipalities. At this point in time, flooding locations are identified by local knowledge and review of FEMA’s Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM). Identifying vulnerable flooding areas should improve at the completion of FEMA’s RiskMAP evaluation and digitization of the FIRM maps. Both are expected to be completed in 2022. Below is a list of some areas susceptible to flooding through the region according to the applicable Natural Hazard Mitigation Plans.
Flooding Areas Noted in Natural Hazard Mitigation Plans
|Barkhamsted||The long bridge at Pleasant Valley has a history of ice jams. Saville Dam lacks a dam failure study, making the risk from the dam unknown. (LHNHMP)|
|Burlington||Digital Firm maps have made it “easier to demonstrate floodplain boundaries to property owners.” Floodprone areas include: Upson road, Foote Road, Covey & Hotchkiss Roads, Main Street in Whigville, Prospect STreet in Whigville, Scoville Road, Vineyard Road, Westside Boulevard, Monce Road, and Route 4.|
|Canaan||Significant floodplains especially in Falls Village between Route 126 and Route 7. Beaver dams along Cobble Road. Chronic flooding along Music Mountain.|
|Colebrook||The lower end of Sandy Brook near Riverton Road commonly floods, sending water into people’s basements. The town is home to numerous dams that could fail during a flood event. (LHNHMP)|
|Cornwall||Historical flooding at West Cornwall bridge, beaver dams, flooding and erosion along River Road. Mill Brook washed out at Lower River Road during Tropical Storm Irene.|
|Goshen||The drainage area at Woodridge Lake is particularly of concern according to the town road supervisor due to the increased density of development in this area. Road flooding has occurred in this area in ecent years and there is a need for a comprehensive stormwater drainage study of this part of town to better define drainage improvement needs. (LHNHMP)|
|Hartland||No specific spots mentioned.|
|Harwinton||The area of greatest concern locally is Leadmine Brook, which continues to flood periodically resulting in the closing of Lead Mine Brook Road. Lake Harwinton Dam is the facility of greatest concern to local officials, and this dam is scheduled to be improved in the near future. (LHNHMP)|
|Kent||Flooding along Route 7 on east side and Schaghticoke Road on west side from Housatonic River. Ice jams along Housatonic River. Flooding along Kent Hollow Road from West Aspetuck River.|
|Litchfield||Beavers plug culverts on local streets such as Brooks Road, which require routine maintenance by town forces to remove. (LHNHMP)|
|Morris||Flooding caused by beavers remains a problem. The East Shore Road area experiences periodic flooding due to poor drainage.(LHNHMP)|
|New Hartford||Several critical facilities noted in potential floodplain. Public Works Department proposed for relocation. Beavers have caused problems in culverts. Culvert at Carpenter Road is undersized.|
|Norfolk||Flooding on Parker Hill Road at Hall Meadow Brook and along Blackberry River. (LHNHMP)|
|North Canaan||No specific spots mentioned.|
|Roxbury||Flooding near Judds Bridge, Hodge Park, Wellers Bridge, Route 67, Squire Road at Route 67, and Botsford Hill Road at Route 67. Small private dams are significant concern.|
|Salisbury||Flooding near Salmon Kill Road, Housatonic River Road, Dugqay Road, Old Asylum Road, Lincoln City Road, and Riga Road.|
|Sharon||Beaver dams especially along West Cornwall Road and Surdan Mountain Road. Flooding at main business area near supermarket (Low Road, Murtagh Road, and Route 41).|
|Torrington||Drainage problems cause seasonal flooding at Oak Avenue and Albert Street, and at Vista Drive. Flooding along the Naugatuck River remains a concern despite flood control dams installed after the flood of 1955. The city has a large number of properties requiring flood Insurance from FEMA. These properties will become increasingly difficult to maintain if flood insurance premiums increase. (LHNHMP) .|
|Warren||Sucker Brook Corridor of concern. College Farms Road, Reed Road, and Curtiss Road were washed out or toppled during Tropical Storm Irene.|
|Washington||Significant flooding along Shepaug River.|
|Winchester||Pratt Street, where periodic flooding damages yards and the local road on a regular basis needs upgrades to its drainage systems. Inadequate storm drains on Gay Street, Case Avenue and Center Street result in periodic flooding. Flood control gates at the Highland Lake outlet control structure need to be replaced. Beaver dams frequently result in plugged culverts on local streets such as along the Old Waterbury Turnpike near Rugg Brook Reservoir. The town has actually needed to close a section of this road due to a recurring problem with water ponding and road washout. (LHNHMP)|
|Litchfield Hills Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan 2016 Update includes: Barkhamsted, Colebrook, Goshen, Hartland, Harwinton, Litchfield, Morris, New Hartford, Norfolk, Torrington and Winchester. Towns served by individual plans created in 2014: Canaan, Cornwall, Kent, North Canaan, Salisbury, Sharon, Roxbury, Warren, and Washington. The multi-jurisdictional plan for the former Central Connecticut region 2016 includes Burlington.|
Potential Partners & Funding Streams
Please send any suggested partners, grants, or resources to info [at] joannaw1.sg-host.com.
- CT DOT
- US DOT
- Federal Highway Administration
- NHCOG Road Supervisors Committee
- Water and electric utilities
- Municipal potable water, sanitary sewer, and storm-sewer operators
- Local Public Works Departments
- USDA Rural Development
- Northwest ConneCT
- Transit Districts
- CT DEEP
- CT NEMO
Potential Funding Streams
- USDA Rural Development (assistance with municipal water systems, well replacement for elderly, etc.)
- CT OPM LOTCIP, STEAP grants
- CT Department of Administrative Services
- DEHMS/FEMA Flood Mitigation, Pre-disaster Mitigation, and Hazard Mitigation Grants
- US FHWA
- US HUD
CT DEEP Climate Adaptation and the Built Environment and Infrastructure
NWF Green Works for Climate Resilience This guide discusses sea-level rise, coastal flooding, and erosion (includes marine as well as freshwater coasts in the Great Lakes region); drought and increasing aridity; extreme heat and the urban heat island effect; inland flooding and stormwater management; and changes to the natural landscape. It has a number of example case-studies for different infrastructure adaptations.
Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Case Studies, FHWA
National Climate Assessment Highlight on Infrastructure
US Resiliency Council While the information is primarily about seismic hazards (December 2018), the USRC is currently developing ratings for other hazards, including wind, wildfire and flood.
VTrans Climate Change Adaptation White Paper 2012– This report is an overview of climate related adaptation and resilience oriented efforts both underway and under consideration by the Vermont Agency of Transportation.
DHS’s Incorporating Resilience into Critical Infrastructure Projects: This guide provides those working on critical infrastructure programs with information and steps to take that can enhance the resilience of critical infrastructure systems. It will help decision makers prioritize projects that advance resilient infrastructure through design and investment choices.
Lessons Learned from Irene Severe flooding was particularly devastating for transportation infrastructure, requiring the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) to take a leading role in the recovery. The extent of the damage, however, proved too much for a single agency to manage alone. VTrans’ leadership sought help from the state’s 11 regional planning commissions (RPCs) to assume responsibility for assessing needed local road repairs.
NIST’s Community Resilience Planning Guides: Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems provides communities with an approach to improve their resiliency by prioritizing resources and incorporating resiliency into zoning, codes, policies, and economic development activities, in order to manage risks from hazards to buildings and infrastructure. NIST’s Economic Decision Guide accompanies the Community Resilience Planning Guide to help communities evaluate decisions for resiliency-focused capital investment projects.
Adaptation Assessment Guidebook: New York City Panel on Climate Change (2010) Annex A has several very useful questionnaires for reviewing vulnerabilities of communications, energy, transportation, water and waste, and policy infrastructure
Case Study SECCOG Critical Facilities
Case Study Town of Morris LID Manual
Connecticut River Flow Viewer This map tool displays the return interval of flow rates for points along CT river networks. A google map interface is used to display locations where flow rate data exists. Users can zoom to a location of interest and click on a specific point to view a graph displaying flow rates over different return intervals. These graphs show the upper and lower boundary for return intervals of 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 years at specific river locations. To view the data, click on a point of interest to activate a graph of river flow rates for different storm events.
The section is divided into the following major categories:
A tabular version of the actions is also available.
1In Purchase or install Class I clean energy sources to power municipal buildings (including Board of Education).
Partners: CT PURA, local/regional school districts, Public Works/Building Manager
Tools: 2014 Integrated Resources Plan For Connecticut, CT DEEP
2In Inventory the existing fleet and complete and adopt a Municipal Fleet Improvement Strategy. Conduct a study of opportunities to provide electric vehicle charging stations throughout the region.
Partners: CEOs, CT DEEP, NHCOG
Tools: Ridgefield CT Municipal Fleet
3In Review status of generators for critical facilities, gas stations (especially if long distance between closer station), schools, town halls, etc.
Partners: EMDs, CEOs
4In Consider creating a Microgrid program for critical facilities in your community. Develop municipal-wide renewable energy incentive program.
Partners: CEOs, local conservation organization, Conservation Commission, CT DEEP, PURA
Tools: CT Green Bank (Solarize Connecticut, C-Pace municipalities, Lead by Example)
CT Microgrid Program
NY Climate Smart Webinar "Building Clean and Resilient Local Power: NY Prize Update & Microgrid Case Studies"
5In Direct mid and large scale commercial solar installations away from farm fields and core forests and toward brownfields and industrial sites.
Partners: land use commissions, Utilities, NorthwestConneCT, CT PURA, CT DOT, Public Works
6In Consider climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation for siting and design of new and redesigned/ reconstructed facilities. Avoid flood prone or erosion prone areas for infrastructure, especially if underground or underwater transmission and pipe lines are a preferred alternative. Where practicable, relocate infrastructure outside of coastal and inland flooding zones. Where practicable, relocate cultural resources outside of coastal and inland flood zones; where relocation is infeasible, protect areas around cultural resources from coastal and inland flooding, as allowed by law, using methods that minimize adverse environmental impacts.
Tools: EPA WEPPCAT Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) Model
7In Assess energy and communications infrastructure operations and maintenance plans with respect to changing climate conditions including electricity conduits, electric grid and communication infrastructure (towers, lines, etc.), and communication lines to water, salt intrusion, and more frequent and stronger storm events. Communicate with power/communications/sewer/water utilities about enhancing resiliency of systems prior to significant construction in downtown areas. Require the location of utilities underground in new developments or during redevelopment whenever possible. Discuss alternative management strategies for trees with the utilities esp. along scenic character or town entryways.
Partners: Utilities, NorthwestConneCT, CT PURA, CT DOT, Public Works
Tools: Tree management - Uconn Stormwise Program, Tom Wordsley
Facilities & Buildings
Partners: CT DEEP, local land trusts, municipal departments
Tools: California Governor’s Office of Planning and Research “Fire Hazard Planning” report
11In Develop vulnerability assessments for the community including public properties, cultural resources, critical facilities, etc. to identify vulnerabilities and prioritize actions. Implement a Tree Hazard Management Program to encourage responsible planting practices and minimize future storm damage to buildings, utilities, and streets.
Partners: Public Works, Tree Warden, local conservation groups, land use commissions
Tools: SECCOG Critical Facilities Vulnerability Assessment
CT NRCS Conservation Technical Assistance
Nature Conservancy Climate Wizard
Conservation Commissions & Climate Change
US National Phenology Network
Resilient Rural Webmap
Partners: Public Works
Tools: Heat Island Effects in Northwest Region
14In Change property tax structure to provide incentives for setbacks, rolling easements, and covenants to preclude building and reconstruction in vulnerable areas.
15In Provide support to vulnerable populations (i.e., environmental justice communities, the elderly and disabled) to ensure residence resilience to climate change, including incentives for relocation if re-engineering is not feasible.
Tools: Connecticut’s Weatherization Assistance Program from CT DEEP
Weatherization Assistance Program for low-income and elderly from US DOE
17In Modify zoning regulations and Plans of Conservation and Development to minimize risks from development of coastal and inland flood zones. Retrofit critical structures to comply with current building codes and develop a reinforced “safe room”. Create incentives for individuals and businesses to reduce risk of losses due to climate through building design codes. Ensure that shelters have appropriate wind protections. Modify buildings to reduce impact on, and vulnerability to climate change including passive cooling and rain water controls such as rain gardens.
Partners: EMDs, Public Works, CEOs, building department
Tools: CT Building Code
Solid Waste Management
18In New and reconstructed infrastructure, including landfills and transfer stations, should be located in areas less vulnerable to climate change. Evaluate ability and need to armor or relocate transfer station and related solid waste infrastructure located within sea level rise or inland flooding areas. Harden solid waste storage areas against extreme precipitation, wind events, flooding, etc.
19In Devise alternative routes or collection locations to service those areas that will be isolated by flooding.
20In Update aging solid waste infrastructure considering green practices that may be more resilient to climate change impacts, especially precipitation and stormwater effects.
21In Investigate the impacts of developments on the whole watershed and downstream effects on transportation infrastructure to evaluate effects and determine design criteria, e.g., culvert and drainage system sizing.
Partners: FAA, CT DOT, local airports
23In Identify portions of railroad at-risk to flooding and erosion. Identify frequently flooded and/or washed out roads. Consider abandonment of roads and bridges when re-engineering would be too costly to adapt to climate change, or when better environmental and resiliency options or alternative routes exist. Adjust road maintenance schedules for changing seasons. Identify at risk areas along roadways that may be at risk of erosion or prone to drifting snow & high winds.
Partners: Public Works, CT DOT, railroad owners, land trusts
Tools: Fact sheet on municipality's ability to abandon a road continually threatened by flooding is forthcoming from AdaptCT.
USDA Climate Hubs' “The Future of Winter Roads”
EPA WEPPCAT Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) Model
24In Coordinate emergency evacuation and supply transportation routes with emergency preparedness systems to ensure capacity and resilience of escape routes compromised by natural disasters related to climate change.
Partners: Public Works, CEOs
Tools: Community Walk Score
Partners: local land trusts, Parks & Rec, NHCOG, CT DOT, Public Works
Tools: NHCOG Regional Trails Assessment
27In Request design standards for infrastructure projects that incorporate climate projects like maximum temperatures.
28In Consider the level of watershed development, and potential LID and green practices that may affect engineering designs and level of development from transportation infrastructure like planned road improvements. Increase communication, collaboration and planning among watershed authorities and the public to decrease stormwater by promoting LID and green BMPs. Promote and require preservation of natural features that treat and infiltrate runoff such as buffers, wetlands and related landscape conditions to reduce runoff by infiltration or detention in biologically active conditions and reduce primary pollutants including organic matter/nutrients. Remove or modify impediments to natural treatment and storage (e.g., impervious cover, culverts, dams) to accommodate LID techniques.
Partners: Public Works, municipal departments, land use commissions, CT DOT, NWCD, and Lake Waramaug Task Force
Tools: Town of Morris LID Manual
Stormwater Calculator with Climate Assessment Tool, EPA
EPA Green Infrastructure website
Managing Wet Weather with Green Infrastructure Municipal Handbook
Enhancing Sustainable Communities With Green Infrastructure: A Guide to Help Communities Better Manage Stormwater While Achieving Other Environmental, Public Health, Social, and Economic Benefits (2014), EPA
Green Infrastructure Tools, NOAA
29In Develop joint transportation strategies with adjacent communities, regions and states to accommodate changing conditions and transportation system use. Balance needs of natural resources and human safety for determining which transportation infrastructure to reconstruct or relocate. Communicate regional transit assets and options. Encourage transit-oriented development with residential/commercial areas along bus routes and/or train/bus stations.
Partners: REPT ESF Transportation, Public Works, CT DOT, NWCTD, NHCOG, local land use commissions, Councils of Government, local economic development commissions
Tools: Climate Change Adaptation Guide for Transportation Systems Management, Operations, and Maintenance
30In During bids for infrastructure projects, request materials designed for higher incidences of heat stress and intense flooding to prevent or reduce buckling or softening. Consider use of "cool pavement" to reduce heat island affect and protect surface water.
Partners: CEOs, Public Works, CT DOT
Tools: Hartford’s Green Infrastructure Handbook
Pavement Interactive—Cool Pavement
31In Create an Inventory of all road-stream crossing structures (i.e., bridges and culverts) in town and prioritize for replacement, based on conservation benefits, minimizing flood risk, and maintenance need. Re-establish connectivity and more natural flows along our rivers and streams by removing or modifying existing structural impediments, such as dams, and culverts. Work with CT DOT on context dependent adaptation strategies and other tools to expand the adaptive capacity of an at-risk structure. Develop and implement a municipal sediment control plan to prevent clogged drainage systems such as routine street sweeping, curb and gutter cleaning, paving dirt roads, and planting vegetation on bare ground (from Litchfield Hills NHMP)
Partners: local/regional conservation organizations, Public Works, CT DOT
Tools: HVA Culvert Assessment Program
North Atlantic Aquatic Connectivity Collaborative Database search page
US DOT Vulnerability Assessment Scoring Tool
32In Communicate with USGS to maintain stream gages to monitor peak flow, water volume, temperature, etc.
Partners: local/regional conservation organizations, Public Works, CT DOT
33In Many small communities have limited road access. Communities’ access should be reviewed and, where needed, upgraded to ensure resilient ingress and egress. Assess viable options to improve access to these areas and integrate into building, land use, and public works planning documents.
Partners: Public Works, CT DOT
34In Consider dams in or up-stream from your municipality. Discuss with the management and with CT DEEP about the dams safety and plans for long-term resiliency. Confirm its ability to handle increasingly intense storms. Don't forget smaller (especially earthen) dams throughout your community. Check municipal records for the required Emergency Action Plans for Class B and C dams as they should be submitted to the town every two years. Include dam failure inundation areas in the CT Alert emergency contact database. For privately owned dams, encourage each dam owner regardless of Class to have a maintenance plan and an Emergency Operations Plan/Emergency Action Plan. Also encourage them to implement recommendations resulting from state inspections (from Litchfield Hills NHMP).
Partners: CT DEEP, hydropower facilities, private property owners, EMDs
Tools: local or multi-jurisdictional Natural Hazard Mitigation Plans
35In Determine new levels of terrestrial stormwater and nonpoint source pollution (e.g., through comprehensive watershed-based planning) related to climate change and determine standards required to address quantity and quality issues.
Partners: Public Works, CT DOT, local conservation organizations
Tools: Stormwater Calculator with Climate Assessment Tool, EPA
Storm Water Management Model with Climate Adjustment Tool
36In Update aging stormwater and nonpoint infrastructure with consideration to sizing and retrofitting LID techniques to accommodate climate change adaptation and minimize runoff and flooding damage. Rehabilitate sewer systems to minimize groundwater infiltration and inflow of stormwater and snowmelt into the sanitary sewer system. Where warranted as the only solution, increase stormwater storage and treatment infrastructure, especially in highly urbanized areas. Implement municipal stormwater maintenance program to clear debris from drainage facilities (Litchfield Hills NHMP). Consider zero net growth in impervious surfaces in the municipality.
Partners: Public Works, CT DOT, local conservation organizations
Tools: Antioch University New England Webinar "Where to Put the Water: Assessing the Vulnerability of Urban Stormwater Systems to a Changing Climate"
37In Include climate change into local emergency operation plans, state Hazard Mitigation Plans, and similar response programs.
Partners: EMDs, REPT, COGs
Tools: Worksheet—Plan Cross References
38In Develop a long-term beaver management plan that includes: control measures to mitigate localized flooding created by beavers; consideration of the use of beaver deterrent devices such as beaver stops or beaver bafflers and consideration replacing culverts frequently impacted by beavers with free span bridges (from Litchfield Hills NHMP).
39In Implement Ice Jam Observer Training. Conduct geo-morphic assessment to identify potential causative mechanisms for ice jam formation where ice jams had not historically formed.
Partners: EMDs, local conservation organizations, REPT, River conservation organizations, CT DOT, CT DEEP
Tools: Shane Csiki, NH DES— Ice Jam Training
40In Evaluate your community for flood resiliency. Identify critical facilities in flood zones. Ensure adequate barricades are available to block flooded areas in flood prone areas of the town.
Partners: EMDs, CEOs
Tools: local or multi-jurisdictional Natural Hazard Mitigation Plans
SECCOG Critical Facilities Vulnerability Assessment
Fall 2019 “New Hampshire Flood Response Toolkit”
EPA Flood Resilience Checklist
Maine Flood Resilience Checklist (2017)
41In Coordinate with emergency management to identify sites that store hazardous materials and develop risk management plans for power failures, flooding, heat fluctuations, etc. Create inventory and map of Brownfields sites and identify sites at risk of flooding.
Partners: Fire department, EPA, local health department, local businesses
Tools: My RainReady
Federal Insurance: Moonshot Starter Kit
43In Evaluate and improve emergency power provisions to assure uninterrupted pump station service during heavy storms with associated power outages. Evaluate and improve, where necessary, the capacity of pump stations that are subject to infiltration and inflow.
Tools: Waterford Municipal Infrastructure Resilience Project Sewer Pump Station Assessment & Adaptation
44In Implement a training program for wastewater treatment facility operators to educate them on how to prepare for climate change, e.g., extreme storms, high temperatures.
Tools: New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission website
45In Educate municipal inland wetland commissions and water pollution control authorities about emergency permit requirements for temporary equipment needed to protect wastewater treatment facilities located near regulated inland or coastal wetlands. Investigate protection strategies (e.g., berms, dikes) to protect treatment infrastructure after consideration of non-structural, less hardening alternatives and/or or relocation of infrastructure subject to sea level rise and inland flooding.
46In Reduce policies or regulations that limit use of greywater for non-potable uses like irrigation. Implement wastewater reuse for non-potable uses, such as golf course irrigation, to decrease potable water treatment needs and address water shortages.
Partners: local land use commissions, health departments
Tools: "Requiring new homes to reuse water (Residential Gray Water Stub-out Building Code), 2013, Chula Vista, CA"
United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2012). Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits.
47In Assess existing on-site (subsurface disposal) systems for effects related to climate change and, where necessary, consider alternative on-site technologies or abandonment in favor of public/community wastewater treatment systems.
Partners: Utilities, Public Works
48In Consider the potential higher groundwater levels in design standards for separation distances and other relevant standards.
Partners: Utilities, Public Works
49In Consider a Water Use Restriction Ordinance to implement conservation during periods of water shortage. Encourage water conservation best management practices for snow making for ski destinations in Connecticut. Provide an incentive to encourage water conservation of public water supply and/or develop local drought ordinances. Develop a drought communications plan to inform residents about voluntary and mandatory drought restrictions and Develop an early warning system to notify the general public about water shortages.
Partners: CEOs, CT Water Planning Council, local land use commissions, TAHD, local health districts
Tools: Greenwich Drought Ordinance
2018 CT Drought Preparedness and Response Plan
Northeast Drought Early Warning Center
US Drought Portal
CT Water Status Site
50In Participate in the Water Utilities Coordinating Committees to assist in developing regional and statewide solutions to water shortages and emergencies including strengthening coordination of regional water supplies to encourage water conservation.
Partners: CEOs, Utilities, Public Works, COGs
51In Incorporate potable water management concerns into local POCDs (e.g. water conservation, water Exclusive Service Areas, water management through zoning regulations, etc. )
Partners: local land use commissions and departments
52In Review regulations for common sense use of rain barrels. Ensure regulations encourage collection strategies that reduce access by mosquitoes.
Partners: TAHD, health districts, Conservation Commission, building department
Tools: King County, WA program to incentivize or give away rain barrels
Partners: Water utilities, WUCCs, conservation organizations, land trusts
54In Water supply plans pursuant to CGS section 25-32d should include climate change vulnerability analyses and risk assessments for surface supply, including future drinking water availability, competing needs and options for adaptation and mitigation. Incorporate climate resiliency or other green planning practices into waste supply treatment design manuals for water reuse to lessen demand on potable water.
Partners: WUCCs, utilities
55In Increase public water supply hook-ups for private wells subject to salt intrusion. Use "smart" applications for road treatments during winter storms.
Partners: TAHD, CT DPH, CT DOH, Public Works, CT DOT
Tools: Dr. Gary Robbins, UConn
Minnesota Stormwater Manual Road salt, smart salting and winter maintenance
56In Increase effluent quality of wastewater treatment to allow for water reuse for non- potable uses.
Partners: Water Utility Coordinating Committees (WUCC); CT DPH; health departments, CT DEEP
57In Identify small community water systems struggling with supply, quality, and management issues. Water systems, especially small systems, should increase technical capacity to anticipate and mitigate impacts from droughts. They should also coordinate water use restrictions with town/state ordinances. Update and repair antiquated and leaking distribution infrastructure.
Partners: WUCCs; CT DPH; health departments
Tools: EPA CREAT
2018 CT Drought Preparedness and Response Plan
USDA Rural Development
58In Community water systems, besides having a backup emergency generator, should plan for extended power outages with redundant fuel systems or larger fuel capacities. Water systems should coordinate with the utilities and EMDs to ensure the systems are on the priority electrical restoration list even with standby power.
Tools: local and multi-jurisdictional natural hazard mitigation plans
Creating Resilient Water Utilities (CRWU), EPA
Table 5-1, Theme 1-A recommendations on generator usage in Drinking Water Vulnerability Assessment and Resilience Plan
59In Decrease pharmaceutical and other emerging toxic chemical concentration in water supply that might be further spread by climate change effects by strengthening federal rules, and educating homeowners about safer disposal practices.
60In Map locations of communications infrastructure vulnerable to floods, storm surges, extreme thermal or precipitation events, wildfire, etc.
61In Identify redundancies and re-routing potential in communication infrastructure for emergency switching should primary systems fail. Adequately insure communications infrastructure to ensure that reconstruction can occur in the event of a climate related disaster.
Partners: Utilities, Public Works, REPT, Amateur Radio Network
Partners: EMDs, REPT, COGs
63In Develop sustainability checklists for planning, zoning, building, health department permit applications to incorporate sustainable design elements. Compile a checklist that cross-references the bylaws, regulations, and codes related to flood damage prevention that may be applicable to a proposed project and make this list available to potential applicants.
Partners: local conservation organizations, building departments
Tools: local/multi-jurisdictional Natural Hazard Mitigation Plans